Scoliosis is the sideways curvature of the spine. It can cause problems in the growth of the individual. So, it is important to get it treated as early as possible as it might cause complication in the functioning of the heart and the lungs.
Scoliosis is the other disease of the bone or especially the spine. It is generally found in childhood but the treatment may be lifelong. This is most common causes due to problems in the spine. But what is actually Scoliosis? Read more to know about it.
Scoliosis is defined as the sideways curvature of the spine. This occurs mostly after the spur growth, especially after puberty. It can be caused by conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Most of the Scoliosis are mild but in some cases, they continue to grow along with the age of the children. Severe scoliosis will make the condition worse. This is because of the reduction in the space of the chest. This might cause the lungs to function improperly.
Symptoms of Scoliosis:
The symptoms of the disease are unique and should be given attention. Some of the symptoms are –
- Uneven waist
- Uneven shoulder
- One hip higher than the other
- One shoulder blade is more prominent than the other
If Scoliosis is in its extreme condition, then the spine may get twisted causing the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than the other.
Whom to consult?
Whenever you notice the above symptoms consult the paediatric orthopaedics immediately. Mild scoliosis might get unnoticed by the child and the parent as it does not cause any pain. However, the parents, teachers, and sports teammates are the first to find scoliosis in a child.
Causes of Scoliosis:
According to Orthopedics, there is not a main cause of scoliosis. Most of them believe that it is due to hereditary factors. Less scoliosis may also result due to –
- Birth defects causing the irregular growth of the bones and the spine.
- Injuries or infections in the spinal cord.
- Cerebral Palsy and Muscular Dystrophy may also result in scoliosis.
The risk factors for scoliosis mostly includes –
- Age — The signs and the symptoms of the scoliosis are highly visible during the spur growth period. Ad this type of growth in common in puberty, children are most likely to be affected by the disease.
- Sex — The girls have higher chances of developing the disease than the boys. However, a recent study shows that both of them can acquire mild scoliosis.
- Family History — Hereditary problems are the most common cause of the disease. Scoliosis can run from generation to generation. But, it is not necessary that all the children having the Scoliosis might have a family history.
Scoliosis is a deforming disease most common at the age of puberty. But apart from the pain and the deformation of the body parts, it might also lead to complications. Some of the complications are –
- Lung and heart damage — In the case of severe scoliosis, the ribs may press against the lungs and heart. This might cause the irregular functioning of the heart and the lungs. This can cause breathing problems as well as problems related to the heart like making it harder for the heart to pump the blood.
- Back problems — Adults having scoliosis can have chronic back pain as compared to the children.
- Appearance — As scoliosis worsens, it can cause following appearance changes — uneven hips, a shift of the waist and trunk and prominent ribs. Indic=vidual might sometime get a notice about all these things in the body.
Therefore, scoliosis can prove highly dangerous in the case of the extremities. It is important to consult the pediatric orthopaedics on time to get rid of the problem.